In order to celebrate the 23rd annual meeting of the Chinese University Sci-tech Periodicals Research Association, the International Cooperation Working Committee specially prepared and prepared "100 Questions and Answers on the Internationalization of Sci-tech Journals" (100 Q & A), and presented them to the annual meeting! "100 Questions and Answers" is divided into 10 subsections, which combs the concepts, tools, and methods commonly used in the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals in a question and answer format. Sentences) and "Email 100 Sentences Commonly Used in the Internationalization of Sci-tech Periodicals" (Email 100 Sentences) is the third of a series of internationalization topics for sci-tech periodicals. The contents of the first two pushes of this series have received widespread attention. According to statistics, the total number of reads on the WeChat platform and other platforms of the Chinese University Science and Technology Journal Research Association reached more than 8,000 times. Many editors, especially Chinese journal editors, have sent e-mails asking for the Word version for future reference. It can be seen that in the context of deepening reform and fostering world-class scientific and technological journals, editors of Chinese and English journals The demand is equally urgent, and it shows the necessity and timeliness of this series of work!
The "100 Questions and Answers" was put forward by the International Cooperation Working Committee and put it together. However, due to the lack of experience and time constraints, the choice and answer of questions will inevitably be inaccurate or comprehensive, and may even be unreasonable. I look forward to your enlightenment and discussion together for international cooperation. The committee is constantly improving this series of work, and ultimately better serve all colleagues!
Internationalization of Sci-tech Periodicals in China
01 What are the formal characteristics of the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals?
Internationalization of manuscript sources, internationalization of editorial board, internationalization of reviewers, internationalization of language carriers, internationalization of dissertation arrangement, internationalization of publishing and distribution, internationalization of business management, etc. [1,2].
02 What are the core elements of the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals?
Internationalization of content.
03 What is the basis for the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals?
Internationalization beyond content.
04 What is the status of internationalization of Chinese sci-tech periodicals?
China's sci-tech periodicals have not been in line with international standards in terms of journal scale, intensive management, subject specialization, publishing internationalization, digital platform, and knowledge service, and have not truly achieved internationalized running.
International Publishing Trends of Sci-tech Periodicals
Open access is a free idea and publishing mechanism for academic information sharing. Under the OA publishing model, any researcher can access and use academic results at any place, at any time, without being affected by economic conditions. At present, the main OA method is to charge authors with publishing costs .
06 Plan S?
In September 2018, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy and other 11 European countries ’major scientific research funding agencies jointly signed a paper open access plan, Plan S. It is clear that from January 1, 2020, all 11 countries and Europe For research projects funded by research committees, research results must be published in a journal or publishing platform that is fully OA [4, 5].
Open peer review. There is currently no clear definition widely accepted by the academic and publishing communities. It usually refers to adhering to the concept of open science and implementing an open review mode innovation for one or more links in the traditional closed review process. [6,7].
Print on Demand, refers to the publication of full texts of academic journals online. The printed version provides brief information such as catalogs, abstracts, or summaries. The full text of the papers is customized according to the author's needs. The service of printing journals, using digital technology such as JournalsXpress to print in small batches according to customer needs, can not only reduce printing costs, but also achieve zero inventory.
Internationalization Strategy of Sci-tech Journals
09 What is meant by "going to sea by boat"?
English journals are published in cooperation with foreign publishers.
10 “Shipbuilding to sea” means?
Based on the needs of international publishing, create an international publishing and dissemination platform with its own brand that integrates "editing, publishing, publishing, information services", and launch a publishing model and knowledge service system with independent intellectual property rights.
11 What is the "three-step" strategy for the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals?
The first step is to create a batch of high-quality English periodicals to enhance the international status of English sci-tech periodicals in China. The second step is to establish China's own international journal publishing platform to give priority to the publication of high-level domestic scientific research papers. The third step is when When China ’s comprehensive national strength is unprecedentedly increased, and its scientific research capabilities are leading internationally, Chinese will become the universal language of the world, truly achieving the internationalization of Chinese sci-tech periodicals .
12 What is the international influence of sci-tech journals?
Refers to the academic dissemination of academic content and the brand's ability to arouse the attention and thinking of international audiences, gain their recognition, and even change their thinking, opinions, and behaviors, reflecting the importance that international audiences attach to the journal and its content [9, 10].
13 What is the “China Science and Technology Journal International Impact Enhancement Plan”?
Since 2013, it has been jointly implemented by the Chinese Association of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Education, the former State Administration of Press and Publication, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Special funds have been allocated to support China's English science and technology journals to increase their international influence. English science and technology journals that can represent China's cutting-edge disciplines, advantageous disciplines or fill gaps in disciplines.
14 What does the “Excellence Program” mean?
In order to conscientiously implement the "Opinions on Deepening the Reform and Cultivation of World-Class Sci-tech Periodicals", to promote the high-quality development of China's sci-tech periodicals, to accelerate the construction of world-class sci-tech periodicals, and to consolidate the science and technology and cultural foundation for marching into a world-leading science and technology country, the China Association for Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance, and Education Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, National Press and Publication Administration, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering jointly implemented the outstanding action plan of Chinese scientific and technological journals, opening up "leading journals", "key journals", "echelon journals", "high starting points", "clustering pilots", etc. 5 Subproject declaration.
Internationalization index of sci-tech journals
15 What are the indicators for the internationalization of sci-tech periodicals?
Internationalization indicators for journal content and internationalization indicators for content other than content.
16 What are the internationalization indicators other than content?
Editorial board internationalization index, manuscript review internationalization index, manuscript source internationalization index, language carrier internationalization index, etc.
17 What is JCR?
Journal Citation Reports, published annually by Clarivate Analytics, uses citation data to calculate and compare journal impact factors (JIF) for academic and technical journals. JCR covers all majors in the fields of science, technology and social sciences.
Journal Impact Factor is a core indicator of the Clarivate Analytics Journal Citation Report (JCR). It is the total cited frequency of papers published in the first 2 years of the journal in the report year (JCR year) and published academic papers (articles, reviews and procedings).
19 What is CiteScore (CS)?
Elsevier's Scopus database core index is a similar index of JIF, which is the frequency of citations for articles in a certain journal citation time window. JIF's citation time window is 2 years, CiteScore is 3 years; JIF numerators are cited for all types of journal articles, denominator only counts academic documents, and CS denominators are for all types of journal articles; the citation frequency used to calculate JIF comes from the Web of Science, CiteScore is derived from Scopus.
20 Nature Index (NI)?
The Natural Index, compiled by Springer Nature's Nature Research, was first published in November 2014. It provides information on the status of global scientific research and Publishing trends. At present, NI uses two methods to calculate article output: article count (AC) means that no matter whether an article has one or more authors, each author's country or institution receives an AC score. Fractional count (FC) takes into account the relative contributions of each paper author. The AC to FC ratio indicates the degree of collaboration of an institution or country in its research. Broadly speaking, if AC / FC >> 1, it indicates that there is a high degree of external collaboration and dependence on external resources. If AC / FC≈1, it indicates that cooperation with external researchers is limited, and it is strongly dependent on internal resources. In June 2018, Nature Research revised the NI measurement rules, adjusted the weight ratio between disciplines, and increased the number of statistical journals from 68 to 82.
21 What do you mean by "China's most influential academic journal" and "China's excellent journal with international influence"?
Since 2012, "China Academic Journal (CD-ROM)" Electronic Magazine Co., Ltd. and Tsinghua University Library jointly develop "China Academic Journal International Citation Annual Report" every year, and select and release "China's Most Influential Academic Journal" (Top5% ) And "China's International Journal of Excellent Impact" (Top5% -10%) list. Selection uses a comprehensive evaluation index-Journal Impact Index (CI).
22 What does the CI Index mean?
Clout Index, a journal impact index, is a comprehensive indicator reflecting the influence of each journal in a group of journals. It is a linear equalization calculation of the vector normalized within the group after the dual index of the journal's total cited frequency and impact factor in the statistical year. The resulting value is used to sort the journals in the group.
23 What is Altmetric?
Is an alternative metrology indicator tool under Digital Science. Altmetric tracks the academic achievements in mainstream news media, government policy documents, research blogs and social media, as well as data collected by online libraries, and integrates them into article-level indicators to reflect the social attention of the results.
24 Plum Analytics?
It is an alternative measurement analysis tool and platform that can provide a comprehensive situation of research results being cited, reposted, etc. By collecting user interaction data with scientific research products such as theses, clinical trials, blog posts, funds, books, dissertations, web pages, Demonstrate its influence.
Is an alternative metric component released by Plum Analytics, providing 5 products for individual or institutional users:
(1) PlumX indicator: help libraries to tap the value of their institutional knowledge base more.
(2) PlumX Dashboard: Helps all users involved in the research to understand the impact of their research without having to wait long for the cited data.
(3) PlumX + Fund: Helps both scientific research funders and scientific research units to have a deeper understanding of the impact and investment return information of the research projects they fund (acquire).
(4) PlumX Benchmark: Provides a comparison of Plum Analytics metrics from different institutions.
(5) PlumX Funding Opportunities: Helps clients obtain suitable funding opportunities from common funders.
26 What is the "five inaccuracy" in publishing academic papers formulated by the China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)?
(1) Don't hire shadow authors;
(2) The author must submit the manuscript;
(3) If the language retouching company is required to assist in proofreading and language retouching of non-academic content, the author must revise the manuscript;
(4) Do not fictionally recommend the names and identities of the peer review experts, and cannot manipulate the peer review process;
(5) Do not violate ethical standards, that is, all authors must agree to publish content, and all authors must have substantial contributions.
Ethical Issues in the Internationalization of Sci-tech Journals
27 What is a conflict of interest disclosure?
Refers to authors, editors, reviewers, etc. are obliged to inform the journal of social and economic relationships that they may be suspected of having a conflict of interest according to the conflict of interest standards proposed by the journal. The standards of different journals also differ depending on the country, subject, and evaluation target .
28 What is avoidance?
Avoidance is based on disclosure, that is, after editors, reviewers, editors, authors, etc. disclose possible conflicts of interest, relevant parties actively or passively avoid contact or make judgments .
29 What is Animal Welfare Protection?
Research involving animals must be approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). This approval must be stated in the manuscript. If the animal suffers unnecessary pain during the research, the journal may refuse to publish it. This article.
Committee on Publication Ethics, the Committee on Publication Ethics, is committed to providing educational opportunities and support for editors, publishers, and people involved in publishing ethics, with the aim of promoting the practice of publishing ethics as part of the publishing culture.
31 How to become a COPE member?
http://publicationethics.org/become-member , click the link at the bottom of the page to apply.
In order to improve the quality of reports of randomized controlled clinical trials, a CONSORT statement (version 1) was issued in 1995 and published at http://www.consort-statement.org . In 2000, the content of the statement was revised on the basis of extensive consultation with experts: the checklist was increased from the original 22 to 25; the checklist provided for the writing of the thesis topic to the discussion part, and added The contents of registration, trial protocol and funding status were not changed; the flowchart did not make much changes, requiring the registration, allocation, follow-up and analysis of the subjects of clinical trials (such as withdrawal group, etc.) The form of the figure is expressed.
33 What are the "all" four criteria for the author's signature as defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)?
(1) Participate in research design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation;
(2) Participate in writing and revising thesis;
(3) Approval of the publication of the final article;
(4) Responsible for the article.
34 What kind of research requires ethical approval?
Biomedical research involving humans requires ethical approval.
35 What is the function of the ethics committee?
Protect the legitimate rights and interests of the subjects in biomedical research involving human beings, safeguard the dignity of the subjects, and promote the development of biomedical research norms .
36 What needs to be declared in the manuscript for research that requires ethical approval?
(1) The research plan is approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the research institution in which it is located, and has a clinical trial registration number;
(2) Obtain written informed consent from all patients.
Tools and identifiers related to the internationalization of sci-tech journals
CrossRef is not a commercial information database, nor is it a full-text content service provider. Instead, it provides a set of easy-to-use tools for authorized search and network service partners based on collaboration between publishers and the use of DOI metadata services to improve the network. Speed of information retrieval. CrossRef collects metadata from partner publishers and uses DOI to ensure the permanence and validity of each metadata link.
Digital Object Unique Identifier, can be regarded as the identity card of the dissertation.
It is a web-based anti-piracy tool that automatically detects the originality of documents. It was developed by CrossRef and iPardigms on the basis of iThenticate technology and serves members of CrossRef .
40 Digital Science?
It is a technology company that provides technical service support for key links involved in the complete research cycle of scientific researchers. Founded in 2009, it was a division of Nature Publishing Group at the beginning. It is used to invest, cultivate and support all the links in the scientific research process. , More efficient and effective innovative business and technology.
FigShare is one of the many scientific research service tools supported by Digital Science. It is a sharing platform that embodies the concept of open science. It displays research data in innovative forms and enhances the value of research content. FigShare accepts researchers to upload charts, multimedia, posters, papers (including preprints), multiple files, data sets, etc., and provides a file sharing mode that is currently not available in academic publishing. Assign DOIs to all content objects, use Creative Commons license agreement to share data, reduce copyright disputes, enable global scientists to access and share information, and use cloud-based data management systems to ensure the security and reliability of data storage.
http://www.dimensions.ai/ is an open linked data platform supported by Digital Science, focusing on the scientific research process. The types of academic resources included include journals, books, funds, patents, clinical trials, and policy documents; more comprehensive reference information can be extracted from multiple databases, and academic citation indicators and Altmetric social impact indicators are provided free of charge; improved algorithms have achieved Disciplinary classification of individual articles; contains project and funding information data.
Digital Science's literature reading and management tools help users find, read, and cite literature, improving efficiency. Functions such as automatic extraction of publication metadata, optimized search and discovery of related literature, PDF annotation functions, recommendation of the latest research papers based on local literature libraries, mobile and fixed client data synchronization, etc.
It is an open service platform co-sponsored by the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Taylor & Francis Group and the American Institute of Physics. It provides a free online toolkit for researchers worldwide. The thesis is summarized and promoted, and the experimental data, videos, and images related to the paper are shared to promote the discovery, reading and citation of research results.
NISO, as a standard setter, develops voluntary conformance standards related to information systems, products (including hardware, software) and businesses used by publishers, libraries, bibliographies and information services, and can be applied to all areas related to information Traditional and new technologies, including retrieval, storage, metadata and preservation. NISO provides comprehensive information on its standardization activities and standards through the website. The query function provided on its website covers information on standards under development, trial standards, officially published standards, and obsolete standards.
It was initiated by Clarivate Research Division before 2009 to provide a unique identification for global researchers, solved the problem of distinguishing authors with the same name, and tracked the citations of their publications on the Web of Science for researchers. Situations provide a platform. Currently integrated into the Publons platform.
47 ORCID iD?
The researcher and academic contributor identification code developed by Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID) in 2011 can be regarded as the identity card of researchers in academic fields.
Contributor Roles Taxonomy (docs.casral.org/CRediT), which divides the contributions of different authors into a paper into 14 categories: conceptualization, data processing, data analysis, funding, experiment or data / evidence Collection, development or design of scientific methods, project management, resource provision, software programming, supervision, verification, visualization, writing of first drafts, and manuscript review and editing.
International publication and dissemination platform for sci-tech periodicals
China's National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) project is an information construction project aimed at realizing the dissemination, sharing and value-added use of knowledge resources in the whole society. The specific goals of the CNKI project are: first, to integrate and integrate knowledge and information resources on a large scale, and to increase the overall value and value-added utilization value of resources; Innovate informatization conditions; the third is to build a platform for the in-depth development and utilization of knowledge resources and to provide information management methods for knowledge management and knowledge services for all aspects of society; the fourth is to create a market environment and business mechanism for Internet publishing for the production and publishing sector of knowledge resources, Vigorously promote the modernization and leapfrog development of the cultural publishing industry and industry .
50 million data?
Beijing Wanfang Data Co., Ltd.'s knowledge service platform integrates hundreds of millions of global high-quality knowledge resources, integrating journals, degrees, conferences, scientific reports, patents, standards, scientific and technological achievements, regulations, local journals, videos, and more than ten types of knowledge resources , Covering natural science, engineering technology, medicine and health, agricultural science, philosophy, politics, law, social science, science, education, literature and art, and other disciplines, to achieve the unified discovery and analysis of massive academic literature, support for multi-dimensional combined retrieval, suitable for different user groups research. Journal resources include Chinese journals and foreign language journals, covering natural sciences, engineering technology, medicine and health, agricultural sciences, philosophy, politics, law, social sciences, science, education, arts and other disciplines; foreign language journals are mainly from dozens of well-known academic publishing institutions, NSTL foreign language Literature database, and platforms such as DOAJ, PubMed .
51 What is the SciEngine platform?
China's first sci-tech journal service platform that integrates full-process digital publishing and international dissemination, independently developed by China Science Magazine, was officially launched in 2016, and realized a seamless internal docking submission review system and automatic external Connect with international academic Internet search and third-party platforms.
It is an electronic preprint database established by the Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1991 and funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy. It is also the earliest form of OA resources in history. Its main site is at Cornell University. The initial goal was to promote academic exchanges and sharing between high-energy physics and particle physicists. As its influence expanded, arXiv expanded to physics, mathematics, nonlinear science, computer science, quantitative life sciences, and econometric finance. In the fields of science and statistics, scientists can upload papers by E-mail, FTP and other methods. In addition to accepting papers submitted by registered researchers, arXiv also includes some electronic journals, such as the American Physical Society, Institute of Physics, and so on. As an open source of knowledge, arXiv submits papers online by default and assumes the principle of self-responsibility. Papers can be published without peer review .
Academic social media, founded by three young scientists, went live in Germany in May 2008 and only allows researchers, technicians and medical staff to apply for registration. Users can establish connections and follow each other's scientific research trends. Helps promote interdisciplinary research cooperation.
Is a free sharing platform for academic papers. Founded by Dr. Richard Price of Oxford University and launched in the United States in 2008, it is committed to accelerating global scientific research. Anyone can register for free as a member. The platform has launched PaperRank, a scoring function for papers.
International submission and review system for sci-tech journals
ScholarOne is Clarivate Analytics' submission review workflow management system for academic journals, books, and conferences.
EVISE is Elsevier's online submission review system that replaced the previous Elsevier Editorial System (EES).
57 Editorial Manager?
An editing process management system developed by Aries Systems Corporation, has now been acquired by Elsevier.
58 What is Open Journal System?
The open source software of the Public Knowledge Project at Simon Fraser University in Canada can be used to submit, manage and publish electronic journals.
International Journal Database
59 WoS Core Database?
Web of Science Core Database, the scientific citation index core database.
60 Which 4 major journal libraries are included in WoS Core Database?
Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Science Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Emerging Sources Citation Index.
Emerging Sources Citation Index, an emerging resource citation index launched by Clarivate (formerly Thomson Reuters Group) in November 2015, contains more than 7,700 international, high-impact academic journals in 254 disciplines from 2005 to the present. As of September 2019, the ESCI journal database added 12 journals and deleted 33 journals. Currently, there are 7,766 journals in the ESCI journal database.
62 Purpose of ESCI?
Provide more journal data to support scientific evaluation and analysis; include more academic journals that have regional influence; and track emerging areas and discipline development trends earlier.
63 What are the inclusion criteria for ESCI?
ESCI journals need only meet the first-level criteria of SCI journal inclusion standards, including peer review, bibliographic information in English, publication timeliness, international editing practices, meeting format requirements, and being searchable by researchers.
Science Citation Index Expanded was founded in 1961 by Dr. Eugene Garfield, founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) . Since its inception, it has been a document retrieval tool, including more than 9,200 journals in 178 natural science disciplines from 1900 to the present. As of September 2019, a total of 9,280 journals have been included in the SCIE journal database.
65 What is the relationship between ESCI indexing and SCIE indexing?
After 2015, journals usually have to be indexed by ESCI and inspected for 2 years before they can be selected for inclusion in SCI.
66 Does SCIE only include English language journals?
No, Chinese journals, other languages, and multilingual journals are also included.
67 How to apply for ESCI and SCIE?
http://mjl.clarivate.com/journal-evaluation/ , fill out the Journal Submission Form.
68, what is Scopus?
Scopus is a database of abstracts and citations with powerful discovery capabilities and analysis tools that provide decision-making information and assistance to researchers, librarians, institutional R & D managers, and project funders. Scopus generates citation search results and automatically updates researchers' information, creating rich links between researchers, published literature, and research institutions.
69 What are the criteria included in Scopus?
Academic journals meet the following minimum standards and can be included in the review: published peer-review content and a public statement of peer review process; regularly published and registered international journal number (ISSN); references have English translations, and have English abstracts and English titles; public publication ethics and malpractice statement; journals published for more than 2 years. Journals in various disciplines use quantitative and qualitative evaluation methods. During the review process, five categories of standards are used: journal policy, journal content, journal reputation, regularity, and online availability.
70 How to apply for Scoups?
Log in to the website http://goingglobal.cnpiec.com.cn/#standards and submit an application.
Engineering Index is a comprehensive search tool in the field of engineering technology. It contains 20 million document records from 190 engineering disciplines in 77 countries. Each record is filtered and the "Engineering Index Thesaurus" is used. ) "To ensure it is a trusted source of information for engineering students and experts. EI is now acquired by Elsevier.
Directory of Open Access Journals, OA journal directory, is an indexing platform for OA journals.
73 What is the application method included in DOAJ?
http://doaj.org/application/new , fill out the Journal Application Form.
Association for Computing Machinery, American Computer Society Database.
BIOSIS Previews, a database of biological abstracts.
Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.
EBSCO database, through EBSCOhost platform, you can access more than 375 full-text and auxiliary research databases, including foreign language journals, magazines, books, industry reports, industry publications, monographs, market research reports and other resources.
Japan Science & Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency database.
MEDLINE is an international comprehensive biomedical information bibliographic database launched by The National Library of Medicine (NLM). It is the most authoritative biomedical literature database in the world. The content includes the entire contents of the Index Medicus (IM) in the United States, and some of the contents of the Index to Dental Literature and the International Nursing Index.
82 PubMed / PMC and PubMed / Medline?
Medical full-text database and medical index.
Royal Society of Chemistry, a database of the Royal Society of Chemistry series.
Information Service in Physics, Electro-Technology, Computer and Control, published by the Institute of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (IEE, founded in 1871), covering physics, electronics and electrical engineering, computer and control engineering, information technology, production and manufacturing engineering, etc. field. It is the online version of Science Abstracts (SA).
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.
Domestic and foreign publishers and publishing associations
86 Springer Nature?
On May 6, 2015, a publishing company formed by the merger of Springer Science + Business Media and most of Macmillan Science and Education's businesses.
Elsevier is a global information analytics company that helps organizations and professionals advance healthcare, open science, and improve performance for the benefit of humanity.
Wiley is a global academic publishing company that provides nearly 1,400 peer-reviewed academic journals through the Wiley Online Library platform, covering science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and the humanities.
89 Taylor & Francis Group?
Taylor Francis Publishing Group is one of the global publishers of academic journals, books, e-books, textbooks and reference materials in the humanities, social sciences, behavioral sciences, technology and medicine.
American Association for the Advancement of Science, founded in 1848. Its core mission is "to advance global science, engineering, and innovation for the benefit of all mankind." AAAS publishes a series of "Science" magazines.
German Thieme Press is a century-old medical and scientific publishing house.
Is a publishing company co-invested and established by Science Press and Elsevier. By consolidating the publishing knowledge and experience of Science Press and Elsevier, it provides publishing services and scientific assessment for English periodicals in the fields of science, technology and medicine in China, and creates high-level international English periodicals. KeAi currently publishes nearly 80 peer-reviewed OA journals covering the fields of life sciences, medicine, natural sciences, engineering technology and sociology.
Founded in July 2009, it is a medical publishing company advocating innovation, with an international perspective and Internet thinking. It focuses on the publication of international medical journals, books, and the promotion of medical scientific research results.
94 Science Press?
Science Publishing House is China's largest comprehensive science and technology publishing institution. It was established in August 1954 by the merger of the former Compilation Bureau of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Longmen United Book Company.
95 Higher Education Press?
Founded in May 1954, it is a comprehensive large-scale publishing house under the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China that publishes national higher education, vocational and technical education and adult education textbooks.
Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, established in 1972, is an international non-profit publishers' trade association in the UK, active in the academic and professional publishing community in the UK and globally. More than 360 members (more than 260 publisher members and more than 100 associate members) in more than 40 countries, including magazine publishers, book publishers, academic and professional groups, university publishers, database publishers, and Intergovernmental organizations, etc., cover various fields of academic publishing .
The International Society of Managing and Technical Editors, founded in August 2007, has a mission to connect all professionals dedicated to peer review and academic journals and publishing. The Institute provides research and resources including peer exchange, education and training, practice, and promotes journal policy development.
European Association of Science Editors, established in March 1982 in São Paulo, France, by the European Life Science Editor's Association (ELSE) and the European Association of Earth Science Editors, Editorra ) The two are merged, and the committee responsibility system is currently adopted.
What is 99 SSP?
Society for Scholarly Publishing, an academic non-profit membership organization, was founded in 1978 with the purpose of "promoting the exchange and development of the academic publishing community by establishing a network, disseminating industry information and promoting the application of new technologies" . Members come from all fields of academic publishing, including publishers, printers, electronics developers, technology service providers, librarians and editors.
Council of Science Editors, formerly a editors association in the field of biology, has long absorbed journal editors outside the field of biology and medicine. Since 2000, it has officially become an editor organization in the field of science and technology. The goal of CSE is to become an authoritative source of information in related scientific information exchange.
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